2 edition of Defining an economics research program to describe and evaluate ecosystem services found in the catalog.
Defining an economics research program to describe and evaluate ecosystem services
J. D. Kline
by U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station in Portland, OR
Written in English
Balancing society"s multiple and sometimes competing objectives regarding forests calls for information describing the direct and indirect benefits resulting from forest policy and management, whether to address wildfire, loss of open space, unmanaged recreation, ecosystem restoration, or other objectives. The USDA Forest Service recently has proposed the concept of ecosystem services as a framework for (1) describing the many benefits provided by public and private forests, (2), evaluating the effects of policy and management decisions involving public and private forest lands, and (3) advocating the use of economic and market-based incentives to protect private forest lands from development. The concept extends traditional economic theory regarding multiple forest benefits and the use of economic incentives to enhance their provision, by emphasizing ecosystems as an organizing structure for benefits. Although the emphasis on ecosystems is new, challenges in evaluating ecosystem services are similar to those long faced by economists tasked with evaluating forest benefits: (1) defining a typology of ecosystem services, (2) describing and measuring ecosystem services units or outputs, and (3) describing and measuring ecosystem services per unit of values or social weights. Progress within the Forest Service in applying the ecosystem services concept to forest policy and management will depend on knowing what information will suffice, working across disciplines, deciding on appropriate analytical frameworks, defining the appropriate role of economic and market-based incentives, and adequately funding economics research.
|Statement||Jeffrey D. Kline.|
|Series||General technical report PNW -- GTR-700., General technical report PNW -- 700.|
|Contributions||Pacific Northwest Research Station (Portland, Or.)|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||46 p. :|
|Number of Pages||46|
Designing an economics research program to describe and evaluate ecosystem services. General Technical Report PNW-GTR, Portland. General . Ecosystem Services is an international, interdisciplinary journal that deals with the science, policy and practice of Ecosystem Services in the following disciplines: ecology and economics, institutions, planning and decision making, economic sectors such as agriculture, forestry and outdoor recreation, and all .
These materials have been reviewed for their alignment with the Next Generation Science Standards as detailed below. Visit InTeGrate and the NGSS to learn more.. Overview In this activity, students identify ecosystem services, classify them into one of the four categories as described in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA), and evaluate how the production of ecosystem services varies over. Urban Ecosystem Services Versus Ecosystem Functions. ES are the subset of ecological functions (physical, chemical, and biological processes) that are directly relevant or beneficial to human well-being (De Groot et al. ).Examples of ecosystem functions include provisioning of wildlife habitat, carbon cycling, decomposition, primary productivity, and nutrient by:
1. Unless otherwise noted, use of the terms “value,” “valuing,” or “valuation” in this report refers to economic valuation; more specifically, the economic valuation of ecosystem goods and services. 4 VI. The energy & water cycle All living things need energy. In an ecosystem, the sun is the source of energy. Different species in an ecosystem have different functions: producers, consumers or decomposers, all of them being important parts of an ecosystem.
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Get this from a library. Defining an economics research program to describe and evaluate ecosystem services. [J D Kline; Pacific Northwest Research Station (Portland, Or.)] -- Balancing society's multiple and sometimes competing objectives regarding forests calls for information describing the direct and indirect benefits resulting from forest policy and management.
Get this from a library. Defining an economics research program to describe and evaluate ecosystem services. [Jeffrey D Kline; Pacific Northwest Research Station (Portland, Or.)]. A number of national and international bodies are concerned with defining and assigning monetary value to these so-called ecosystem services, and in Author: Sarah Witman.
The Nizzanim Long-Term Ecosystem Research (LTER) nature reserve is located in the southwestern part of the Israeli Mediterranean coast (see Figure ).The nature reserve covers 20 km 2 and is the only large nature reserve along the Mediterranean coast of Israel that contains dunes with various levels of stabilization (Kutiel, ).About 60% of the dunes are semistabilized, 20% are.
"Ecosystem services projects are far more likely to engage a wider variety of stakeholders, drawing in private, agricultural landowners and engaging funds from sources such as private corporations. Ecosystem services, outputs, conditions, or processes of natural systems that directly or indirectly benefit humans or enhance social welfare.
Ecosystem services can benefit people in many ways, either directly or as inputs into the production of other goods and services. For example, the. METHODS Defining and classifying ecosystem services for decision making Brendan Fishera,⁎, R.
Kerry Turnera, Paul Morlingb a Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK b Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, The Lodge, Sandy, Bedfordshire, UK ARTICLE DATA ABSTRACT Article history:File Size: KB.
Chapter 5: The economics of valuing ecosystem services and biodiversity 7 In section 3, we look critically at the main methods used to estimate the various components of the TEV of ecosystem services and biodiversity.
A summary and a brief description of each of theseFile Size: 2MB. Within the past three decades, ecosystem services have risen to prominence within policy and academic circles.
In this guest post, James Thomas Erbaugh from the University of Oxford talks about what ecosystem services are and introduces some of the tensions between an ecosystem services framework and biodiversity conservation. The progression of ecosystem services within policy.
Research into ecosystem services has flourished considerably since the publication of the MA, notably the ongoing Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) project 2 which is making a compelling case for promoting conservation, by estimating the economic benefits ofFile Size: KB.
What are ecosystem services. Ecosystems are communities formed by the interaction between living (plants, animals, microbes) and non-living organisms (air, water, mineral soil). Human beings are both part of ecosystems and benefit from ecosystems in many ways. The benefits are known as.
Ecosystem services are the goods, services, and values provided to human society by the natural world. Some of the better-known examples. CiteScore: ℹ CiteScore: CiteScore measures the average citations received per document published in this title.
CiteScore values are based on citation counts in a given year (e.g. ) to documents published in three previous calendar years (e.g. – 14), divided by the number of documents in these three previous years (e.g.
– 14). b), and the U.S. Global Change Research Program (CCSP, b), among others. This chapter outlines some of the key impacts of climate change on terrestrial and marine ecosystems (see Box ), including the effects of ocean acidification, and also briefly summarizes current scientific knowledge about the potential role of ecosystems in limiting the magnitude of climate change and possible.
In this lesson, Defining an Ecosystem, students examine several images of different ecosystems to identify factors that define it. After exploring these images, students conduct research to further define an ecosystem. They apply what they learn through their research by writing a Gist paragraph summarizing their : Carrie Boyden.
Defining an economics research program to describe and evaluate ecosystem services. General Technical Report PNW-GTR Portland, OR: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. Google ScholarAuthor: Robert L.
Deal, Paul E. Hennon, David V. D’Amore, Raymond J. Davis, Jane E. Smith, Eini C. Lowell. Introduction to Monetary Valuation. Economic valuation of ecosystem services can provide decision makers with evidence of the social benefits provided by, and tradeoffs among,regulatory alternatives and other ecosystem management or policy ion implies a systematic quantification of benefits and costs realized by society in commensurable (typically monetary) units, using methods.
• Describe basic economic theory behind ecosystem services ES is standard economics applied to an interesting set of questions. Theory of Ecosystem Services Dr. Stephen Polasky 5/5/ Page • This slide represents a schematic of how things fit together.
Again this is all about. Pollination: Insects and wind pollinate plants and trees which is essential for the development of fruits, vegetables and pollination is an ecosystem service mainly provided by insects but also by some birds and bats.
Some 87 out of the leading global food crops depend upon animal pollination including important cash crops such as cocoa and coffee (Klein et al. Ecosystem Goods and Services: Definition, Valuation and Provision Introduction “Ecosystem service” is the latest environmental buzzword (Boyd and Banzhaf, ).
It appeals to ecologists, who have long recognized the many benefits of well-functioning ecosystems, and who File Size: KB. Ecosystem goods and services are the many life-sustaining benefits we receive from nature and contribute to environmental and human health and well-being.
Ecosystem-focused research will develop methods to measure ecosystem goods and services.Among all the ecosystem services, supporting services alone contribute about 50% and the rest of the services account for less than 10% in the same.
Also Read: Ecology. Energy Flow in Ecosystem. For more details on ecosystem services, keep visiting BYJU’S website or .Ecosystem services are benefits that humans receive from their environment. The amount of research that has been done on the concept of ecosystem services has increased substantially in recent years.
However, the concept of ecosystem services has been slow to affect actual land management, economic and policy by: